Jan Jagriti Foundation

Small Business Bookkeeping Basics

types of bookkeeping

For this reason, you will need to decide whether you will use a single-entry or double-entry bookkeeping system. You can even pay a bookkeeper, accountant, or third-party Company to manage bookkeeping accounts on your behalf. If you were working with an in-house or remote bookkeeper, you’d probably be in touch with them to check on your books on a monthly basis. As a DIY-er, you should make a plan to sit down and commit some time on a monthly basis to keeping your books in order.

types of bookkeeping

If your company sells products or services and doesn’t collect payment immediately, you have “receivables,” or money due from customers. You must track Accounts Receivable and keep it up to date so that you send timely and accurate bills or invoices.

Business Activities Requiring Accounting Transactions

It acts as a check for the cash flow position of the business. EBetterBooks offers online accounting services like bookkeeping, taxation, payroll management, financial reporting across the US.

What are the 7 books of accounts?

Books of Accounts for Service Business

General journal. General ledger. Cash receipt journal. Cash disbursement journal.

Unlike the double entry system, the single entry method does not need a trained professional for https://www.bookstime.com/ it to be done. With it, the bookkeeper only needs to record transactions in a one sided manner.

The balance sheet

Manually calculating and filing them is a nightmare even for a small business. Bookkeeping software calculates taxes and adds them to the invoice types of bookkeeping amount. The type of bookkeeping is harder to understand and maintain. It allows a business to understand financial systems more efficiently.

The goal of both reports is to be easy to comprehend so that all readers can grasp how well the business is doing. Let us walk you through everything you need to know about the basics of bookkeeping. The Purchases Account tracks any raw materials or finished goods that you buy for your business. It’s a key component of calculating “Cost of Goods Sold” , which you subtract from Sales to find your company’s gross profit.


This account allows you to track the status of your payments, whether they’ve been collected or are still outstanding. All of your business transactions – whether that’s incoming or outgoing – will pass through your cash account. The more active is the business, the trickier it is to keep tabs on your cash flow. Again, if you’re using software or you’ve outsourced your bookkeeping, these software and services make it effortless for you to get your financial reports. As we’ve mentioned, there are two main bookkeeping methods, and the type of business you run will determine the method best for you. That said, double-entry is the most accurate of the two, and is usually the recommended method for most businesses.

  • In the above-presented case of “ABC Corp.,” only the cash receipts and payments have been considered in the single entry system.
  • Good organisation can often help with making payments early, which if you form a good reputation with the creditor, might qualify your business for a discount or special offer.
  • The cash receipt or cash deposit account should only be updated with the amount received if a sale is made.
  • The obligations and debts owed by a company to suppliers, banks, lenders, or other providers of goods and services (e.g., small business loans, accounts payable).
  • The best part is that you will not require any prior knowledge or an accounting degree to get started.

Because bookkeeping involves the creation of financial reports, you will have access to information that provides accurate indicators of measurable success. By having access to this data, businesses of all sizes and ages can make strategic plans and develop realistic objectives. By logging and keeping track of all financial transactions, you will have easy access to any financial information you might need. To make it even easier, bookkeepers often group transactions into categories. They like breaking down concepts such as finance and tax so that any business owner can understand them. Meet some of them in our series of accountant and bookkeeper stories. You can also read more about a bookkeeper’s main jobs, and how they’re done in our guide How to do bookkeeping.

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